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    via GIPHY The domestic cat is believed to have evolved from the Near Eastern wildcat, whose can be found from the Middle East westward to the Atlantic coast of Africa. Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago this type of cat produce the genetic lineage that links domesticated cats The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn. A typical cat can weight between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 10 lb). Special breed such as Maine Coon can occasionally exceed 11 kg (24 lb). Cats are obligate carnivores: their body has evolved in order to efficiently process meat. For the same reason, they have difficulty in digesting plant matter. Unlike omnivores, which only require about 4% protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein. A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, being much shorter than that of omnivores and having low levels of several of the digestive enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates. Cats physiology resemble carnivore species but they also have an unusual feature. For example, cat can tolerate high temperature. Human start to feel uncomfortable when their skin temperature passes around 38 Celsius. That's not a case for cat, they how no discomfort until their skin reaches around 52 °

    Cats eye is very sensitive at night because they have tapetum lucidum, which reflects any light that passes through the retina back into the eye. Another interesting thing is that cat eye is split pupils. Split pupils can focus on a bright light without chromatic aberration(an eye condition which a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point. Cat have excellence hearing range as well. They can detect a high range of frequency that human and dogs couldn't. Cat can detect frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, which is more than humans and dogs, both have ranges of about 9 octaves.
    cats have fewer tastebud than human. Domestic and wild cats share a gene mutation that keeps their sweet taste buds from binding to sugary molecules, as the result, they have no ability to taste sweetness. Their taste buds can respond to amino acids, bitter tastes, and acids. Cats have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening. This organ helps them to detect certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats indeed have temperature preference for their food. They wanted their food with a temperature around 38 °C (100 °F). A cold food will signal to the cat that the "prey" item is long dead and therefore possibly toxic or decomposing
    Cat is considered a very sensitive animal. Sometimes they can both be very bossy and needy. One needs to be patient and deal with the animal with a lot of love and care.

Source: Wikipedia